After the end of fights on Polish territories Polish citizens joined the fight against Nazi-Germany. They took part in the Battle of France, the Norwegian Campaign, operations in Libya, the Battle of Britain, the so called Operation Overlord better known as the Normandy landings, the Vistula-Oder Offensive, fights at the Pomeranian Wall and finally the Battle of Berlin. The Polish forces formed a considerable part of the Allied armies in the fight against the Nazis.
But not every Polish combatant joined the battles by choice: a number of citizens of the Second Polish Republic were forced to accede to foreign armies. This took place on territories occupied by the Sowiet Union for instance. We can assume that over 200.000 Poles served in the Red Army.
Also, the German Wehrmacht started to recruit fighters on the Polish territories as soon as they were occupied through the „Third Reich“. At first, that applied only to German minorites on Polish lands, as well as Polish citizens of the Free City of Danzig, but later also self-declared German Kashubians and Silesians were to enter military service. After the implementation of the so-called „Volksliste“, which classified the inhabitants of territories occupied by Nazi-Germany into categories of presumed desirebility, Wehrmacht started to recruit masses of men in Silesia, Kashubia and Greater Poland (pl. Wielkopolska).

Over the entire duration of WWII the Polish navy fought the German „Kriegsmarine“ on the seas and oceans. Polish destroyers participated in actions of the British fleet in front of the Geman North Sea coast and in mining of areas around German harbours. More Polish ships supported armadas of the Allies in Noway, fought the German artillery at the coast of occupied France, battled on the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterrenean Sea, patroled the English Channel, escorted convois and submerged German submarines.

Also, the Polish Airforce participated in the aerial warfare over Europe with great success. The hunting divisions 302 and 302, in particular, rendered outstanding services at the Battle of England.
Still during the fights on Polish territories the formation of Polish underground unites and organizations began. The foundation of the Service for Poland’s Victory (pl. Służba Zwycięstwu Polski) after the disaster of September 1939, marked the beginning of the establishment process. The next organization to form was the Union of Armed Struggle (pl. Związek Walki Zbrojnej), which lead into the most-known Polish resistance-group, the Home Army (pl. Armia Krajowa). The Home Army organized activities of partisans and scouts countrywide.

More conspirative organizations where the National Military Organization (since end of 1939, pl. Narodowa Organisacja Wojskowa), the National Armed Forces (pl. Narodowe Siły zbrojne), the Polish Farmers’ Battalions (pl. Bataliony Chłopskie) and parts of the communist left-wing, which were organized 1942 first as „Gwardia Ludowa“ (engl. People`s Guard) and were renamed in 1944 as „Armia Ludowa“ (engl. People´s Army). These resistance-groups fought against the occupant´s terror by sabotaging and deviating the Nazis.


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